Physics is a very useful specialty for almost anyone. People can work in a wide range of lucrative fields if they have backgrounds in physics. Engineers are among the most highly paid individuals that are currently working today, and many of them have solid backgrounds in physics. Some engineers specifically have engineering degrees, but there’s a great deal of overlap between the skills necessary to be a physicist and the skills necessary to be an engineer. The engineering field itself is extremely diverse. People can become electrical engineers, mechanical engineers, and aerospace engineers, along with many other options. Engineers tend to have plenty of job opportunities, and they are among the most highly-paid individuals that have science and tech-related specialties.
Of course, people that have specialties in any subject can go on to teach that subject, and physics is no exception. A lot of people that have specialties in physics may go on to become professors of physics. People that want to do physics research will sometimes work for the government or for large foundations. Others will conduct physics research at the university level. They will work as graduate students for a while until they can successfully complete their advanced degrees. In the meantime, they will work with established research scientists and learn as much as they can, which can set the stage for their own future careers in physics. Many graduate students spend at least part of their study periods networking, which can allow them to enjoy more successful academic careers down the line.
People that simply have four-year degrees in physics will sometimes go on to become high school teachers in physics. Teaching is often regarded as a profession that isn’t especially lucrative, but high school teachers can actually make a decent living. In fact, many graduate students in physics are going to have to survive on a very meagre stipend until they can finish their degrees. Meanwhile, their classmates who earned four-year degrees will be earning more than them. Their former classmates may, in fact, achieve higher lifetime earnings than they ever will, given the amount of time it takes to finish graduate school in any subject. While physics majors often tend to have better luck in graduate school than people who specialize in other fields for whatever reason, graduate school is a somewhat uncertain time for anyone.
Some physics careers are somewhat unexpected. Physics tends to cross into every single specialty within science, which gives it a certain degree of versatility. The sciences are arguable over-specialized today, but physics is versatile enough that some talented individuals can get around that trend. Some physicists who have very specific specialties, however, will work in the medical field. Some of them can actually work in fields like art restoration. People that have backgrounds in physics usually won’t have any problem finding enough work for themselves. They can often combine their physics specialties with their other interests, allowing them to tailor their job opportunities to their own interests in more ways than one.